More prevention and more security for Burmese against floods

Myanmar has chosen Siap + Micros technologies to implement the new hydrological monitoring network on its vast river system.

Ayeyarwady river in Sagaing – ph. Mike Russia

The system provided by Siap + Micros, with the contract signed on 30 June with the Ministry of Transport and Communications, will consist of 34 telemetry stations, mainly installed on bridges and river banks, which will use the t030 TLR radar level transducers controlled by DA18K dataloggers. In addition to the supply of equipment, Siap + Micros will take care of the training of local operators on the principles of hydrometry, on the operation of the software and on the use and calibration of the instruments in the field, both in the main control room of Yangoon (the former capital and the largest city in the country) and in Naypyidaw, the current capital.

Myanmar is independent from the United Kingdom since 1948. The whole territory is crossed from north to south by a complex system of canals and rivers. The most important is Ayeyarwady which originates on the offshoots of the Himalayas (at 5,581 m of altitude) and flows after 2,200 km on the Gulf of Bengal, with an intricate delta that allows the widespread cultivation of rice. Beside being a very important source for irrigation, Ayeyarwady is the most important communication water route in the country with its 1,450 navigable km.

Fisherman on Ayeyarwady river – ph. tourism.gov.mm

Myanmar’s climate is a monsoon climate “polarized” in two seasons, one very dry in winter and one, on the contrary, extremely humid and rainy in summer. The combination of the basin shape together with the monsoon climate is the origin of large-scale flood events that recur on a regular basis and which cause significant damage to infrastructure and several deaths every year.

Currently the level measurement is done manually. Thanks to funding from the World Bank, the Ministry of Transport and Communications, through the Directorate of Water Resources and Improvement of River Systems (DWIR) has decided to create a new hydrometric system consisting of Automatic Water Level Recording Equipment (AWLRE) with two fundamental objectives:

   – collect and analyze data as a basis for generating accurate flood forecasting;

   – improve the integrated management of water resources for agriculture, industry and domestic uses.

G.G. 07/20